Poor health outcomes for millions of Americans are rooted in political, social and economic injustices. Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health.
Income inequality is a mechanism that affects health and wellness, specifically for Black and brown communities. Low-income and ethnic/minority communities are burdened with greater rates of disease, limited access to health care and health disparities.
In Cuyahoga County, infant mortality is one of the highest in the nation. In 2018, the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) for Black infants was 15.6%, while the IMR for white infants was 4.6 per every 1,000 births.
Not all neighborhoods are created with equal opportunities for residents to live healthy lives, but addressing health care access, payment, policies and delivery-system reforms for low-income population can improve the social determinants of health, including income and housing, across the nation.